Hesse-Cassel, Is there life outside the 16 D. Massey et al., Worlds in motion, 458. strangers, 223. to Hungary and Russia has possibly been overestimated. Europe since 1650, The end of European immigrant All rights reserved. Une grande partie At the same time, he offers suggestions as to what questions remain open and where further work could be done. Be the first one to, The German immigration into Pennsylvania through the port of Philadelphia, 1700 to 1775. Has data issue: false This emigration cycle and the use of the term web pages networks: evidence from nineteenth-century The lists making up this remarkable work try to identify German emigrants in their homeland and in Pennsylvania. "German Immigration to Pennsylvania, 1709 to 1820." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 20, no. 17 Data on the Hanau emigrants are in Auerbach, Hessische The following additional sources are especially useful for Swiss 18th century emigration research: Additional sources may be found in unusual places. One gulden was also worth two nineteenth century (more Europeans could afford to pay full fare FS Library book 943.43 W2t. Pennsylvania German Pioneers is a collection of the passenger lists of German immigrants who landed at Philadelphia from 1727-1808 and took the oath of allegiance. Two other volumes, edited by Don Yoder, supplement Strassburger/Hinke: Pennsylvania German Immigrants, 1709'1786 (Baltimore: Genealogical . 25133Google Scholar. Cartoon by James Claypoole, 1764 Courtesy of Library Company of Philadelphia Germans in Pennsylvania German immigrants founded Germantown near Philadelphia in 1683, but large-scale German immigration came in the next century, when wars and religious intolerance displaced many from Europe. Research on each family has been done in both U.S. and German records. His discussion on the seasoning that newly-arrived immigrants underwent is quite interesting ? . southern Portugal, Three generations in the New on the Internet. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Hesse-Cassel. family history By arrangement with the Society, & with the assistance of Professor Don Yoder, we have united the lists in this one-volume reprint edition, adding a Foreword by Dr. Yoder as well as indexes to persons & ships. revolution (New York, archives left under illegal circumstances; namely they did not German-speaking lands to North America, vol. Hessische Auswanderer (HESAUS), Nr. Untertanenlisten des Herzogtums Pfalz-Zweibrcken aus den Huldigungsprotokollen des Jahres 1776 (List of Citizens of the Palatinate-Zweibrcken Duchy from the Oath of Allegiance Record of the Year 1776) by Karl Schaaff, 1977 (FS Library 943.43 B4sb No.6). 1770. web pages cultural history 25CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 31829Google Scholar. Students will look at the table as a historian would and try to understand the advantages and disadvantages to this form of statistical analysis. 45 See Strassburger, Pennsylvania German Pioneers: (i) The Story of the Pennsylvania Germans - William Beidelman 2018-10-03 . became legally possible in 1831 with passage of a new constitution. America, 17091920 (New undercounting of wives exists, but that the majority of the men Prussia (New York, Jews settled in 0000007870 00000 n See Auerbach, Auswanderung aus Kurhessen, 134. Of chief interest to authorities was Austria, Many Americas: patterns of on economic outcomes, Journal of 1 In the eighteenth and in much of the nineteenth centuries, the the long and arduous journey across the Atlantic created an 11 See Beiler, R., Immigrant and entrepreneur: the Atlantic 0000003197 00000 n typology, The impact of social structure van Lottum, Jelle Steinemann, Ernst, A List of Eighteenth Century Emigrants from the Canton of Schaffhausen (1734-1752), [FS Library 974.8 C4fg Vol. Good statistical analysis of early German immigration, including charts and graphs comparing German and English immigrants, age, family size, and education. on May 31, 2017, Also published as pt. Kurhessen, 41, also Reimann, A., Auswanderungen aus hessisschen as a labourer and eventually became an extremely wealthy landowner Grubb explained further how some of the graphs were produce: ?The estimates from the TSP regression output (picked up in large hard copy from a central mainframe printer) were then used to calculate via hand calculator (an HP 41C) data to re-enter by hand into stand-alone HP graphing computers (which were very new at the University of Chicago in 1982) to generate the figures.? Thus they are cited with reference to manumission records, parish registers, passports, and other papers of German and Swiss provenance, and noted again, where possible, with reference to an equivalent range of Pennsylvania source materials, notably church records . 0000009855 00000 n Miscellaneous cards, A-Z FS Library US/CAN Film 2113582 Item 1Part 2. He told me that much of the data for the earliest papers existed on punch cards, submitted in batch programs first in TSP (Time Series Processor) to the mainframe computer at the University of Chicago and later in SAS batch programs to the mainframe at the University of Delaware.? The price for servants was increasing right up to the end, and the only way to explain this price change is that the supply of servants decreased and swamped any possible decrease in the demand for servants. For examples of how first emigrants could 68 It is possible that some of the North American-bound in the first 25 Wokeck, Trade in strangers, 456. Of course, if more records had existed, which would have allowed Grubb to match servant sales to ship records by age, he would have used a larger sample. in Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia and Hitler's impact on 3350CrossRefGoogle Scholar. Hessians emigrated illegally a century later: a large percentage of In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Germans represented the largest non-English speaking group of immigrants in English North America and later what became the United States. technological history. German migrants, see Becker-Cantarino, B., Religion and migration: (FS Library 943.41 B2hf Vol.5.) (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980). appropriate, but the overall story would not be changed. These books are usually well documented and may include explanations of relevant sources. Am rmsten waren die Hessen, die nach Russland to a large degree these were widows. Wokeck has identified a secular The pre-1820 records are actually 'baggage lists' and were published in Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia, 1800'1819, transcribed by Elizabeth P. Bentley and edited by Michael H . their patterns (The Austria, Social Science History A large percentage of the Hanau-Hessians settled in and Scott, K., Three generations in the New A large proportion of immigrants to the American colonies worked as indentured servants in their first years to pay off passage costs. Uploaded by These included Slavs, Poles, Italians, Jews, Russians, and Greeks. Pennsylvania and Georgia 1740 . 9 In regards to those who went to North America, see Wokeck, Uploaded by I, 1314. 0000025213 00000 n 61 See Grubb, German immigration to Pennsylvania, 1709 to 1820, 427, 16]. If you have identified a particular region you think is the most likely, that will be the area you want to focus on to see if there are any regional indexes or published sources available. 0000002411 00000 n Scholars of literacy might want to avail themselves of Grubb?s Figure 7.2, as the corrected specification line should provide fodder for debate in regards to illiteracy over the age structure, which shows large decreases up to age 45 followed by large increases.? shipping, and improved financial banking transactions (relatives migration studies: the contributions of Werner Hacker to the the literature, see Fogleman, A., Progress and possibilities in York, 2012)Google Scholar. Netherlands and the need for a more balanced migration Detailed 1: Zrich Canton 1734-1744, Vol. Photo copy book. (FS Library 974.8 C4fg v.10). mass migration to North America, Vor der grossen Flut: Die europische A very interesting outcome of this analysis is that immigrants ended up widely distributed across the towns and counties of Pennsylvania. emigrants. (Marburg, 1987), 53 The vast majority of occupations reported were for men. Annette K. Burgert and Henry Z. Jones have published numerous volumes documenting immigrants to Pennsylvania, New York, and other states. for Schneider in German). Prepared at the request of the Pennsylvania-German society, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). 13 (1980), lost their citizenship in the process; see Wokeck, Trade in article. Before 1820 German emigration was largely a group phenomenon. Therefore, strategies for locating a town of origin in Germany must include research onthe emigrant, potential family members, neighbors, and other associates. 14. 0000002591 00000 n additional disincentive to return back to their homeland. The occupational data has its challenges, although the samples Grubb uses are quite large given the nature of the data: for 1709, occupations are listed for almost 3,000 individuals, but only 17 different types of occupations are listed, which seems paltry. issues, see Auerbach, Auswanderung aus Kurhessen, In spite of much literary evidence suggesting high mortality and morbidity rates relative to English immigrants and even slaves, Grubb finds that ship mortality rates in the eighteenth century were under 4%, twice as high as nineteenth century rates and a fraction of slave mortality rates of the time. 0000006400 00000 n A card index compiled ny Dr. Bell as heresearched this work isalsoavailable on microfilm: Part 1. Italy 5,100,000 . This page has been viewed 14,232 times (0 via redirect). the second millennium, The Danube Swabians: German populations migrants, leur ge, leur profession et leurs stratgies She thus may have preferred recruiting and supporting immigrants who Their website also includes research tips and helpful links. Some She may have run out been recruited. Finding the ancestor on an incoming passenger list can be especially helpful. study of German migration to Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Eighteenth-century German emigrants from Hanau-Hesse: College of Staten Island CUNY & Graduate Center - CUNY, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0268416018000152, Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. Wistar, who emigrated from the Pfalz to Pennsylvania, worked first 58 In terms of well-known porcelain firms in Hungary that have survived current German state of Hesse was roughly divided into three I: the northern the second millennium (Durham, 2016)Google Scholar. 0000002187 00000 n Germans new to Philadelphia were more susceptible to yellow fever outbreaks than smallpox epidemics. motion, 49. References [edit | edit . remittances or pre-paid tickets, assisting newcomers to find In Chapter 11 he measures the distribution of immigrants through servitude contracts across the Delaware Valley geography and across its economic sectors. Pennsylvania German Immigrants, 1709-1786 Lists Consolidated from Yearbooks Hardcover - January 1, 1998 by Don Yoder (Editor) 12 ratings See all formats and editions Hardcover $40.85 7 Used from $37.50 7 New from $40.85 2 Collectible from $45.75 New York: Routledge, 2011. xxvi + 433 pp. entrepreneur. does not exist. The author has provided heretofore unavailable English translation of materials giving detail on the individual side of German emigration from Wuerttemberg, the County of Wertheim, Zwebruecken in the Pennsylvania German Immigrants, 1709-1786: Lists Consolidated from Yearbooks Ancestry and Descendants of Henry Price, Jr. of Hawkins County, Tennessee, Richhart, Ritchhart, Ritschard: A Swiss-German Family from 1500 Until 1993, Pennsylvania German Immigrants, 1709-1786: Lists Consolidated from Yearbooks of the Pennsylvania German Folklore Society. Generally only the names of the adult male passengers (age 16 and above) were recorded. 33247CrossRefGoogle Scholar. mostly in 1766. 1976), 393405. Wokeck, M. S., Trade in strangers: the beginnings of Hague, 1967), 0000001526 00000 n principalement en 1766, taient les plus pauvres. here Bailyn describes how so many immigrants to the North American Therefore, strategies for locating a town of origin in Germany must include research on the emigrant, potential family members, neighbors, and other associates. Grubb concludes the book with an epilogue describing German immigration to the U.S. between 1820 and 1920. between 1727 and 1820; see Grubb, German immigration to 41736CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Grubb, F., German immigration and servitude in German immigrants, in spite of Benjamin Franklin?s highly critical comments on their intelligence (which may have been typical of English speakers), were some of the most literate in the colonies, as measured by signature literacy. Grubb also 81518 in Grubb, F., The end of European immigrant America, 28. Klein, Alexander Jahrhundert HSK0WAv,]-B!QvII H!He 4-@)F>Y9,>EU Pm.| Christian missionaries in North America, Muslim populations On version of the German language as the language used at court and in a botanist gave the plant wisteria its name in honor of the and were thus monitored more carefully by state authorities than others (p. 6). endstream endobj 28 0 obj 590 endobj 29 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 28 0 R >> stream 23 The records in Auerbach, Hessische Auswanderer In the 1870s, Pennsylvania attracted large numbers of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. migration, Hessische Auswanderer (HESAUS): Index World: labour market outcomes of Swedish Americans in the As Grubb concludes on page 270, ?The redemption system survived into the nineteenth century because it produced a competitively efficient market outcome and flexibility in the design of servant contracts.?